Ep. 18 - Sap! Nature's Junk Food

During this episode, Steve talks about EVERY SINGLE extant non-human animal that drinks xylem or phloem sap. Join the guys as they explore the paradox of phloem sap, the barriers to eating it, how squirrels tap maple trees, hemipterans (true bugs), yellow-bellied sapsuckers, and much, much more. This episode stands alone, but we highly recommend listening to episode 17, "The Sappiest Podcast Ever..." either before or after this one. Either way, we hope you enjoy the episode!

Awkward Botany's Review of The Field Guides

Work Cited:
Batts, H. Lewis. "Siskin and goldfinch feeding at sapsucker tree." The Wilson Bulletin 65.3 (1953): 198-198.

Bolles, Frank. "Yellow-bellied Woodpeckers and their uninvited guests." The Auk 8.3 (1891): 256-270.

Douglas, A. E. "Phloem-sap feeding by animals: problems and solutions." Journal of Experimental Botany 57.4 (2006): 747-754.

Eberhardt, Laurie S. "Use and selection of sap trees by Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers." The Auk 117.1 (2000): 41-51.

Giuggio, Vicki M. "What If You Drink Saltwater?" HowStuffWorks Science. HowStuffWorks, 16 Feb. 2012. Web. 17 Mar. 2017. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/what-if/what-if-you-drink-saltwater1.htm>.

Heinrich, Bernd. "Maple sugaring by red squirrels." Journal of mammalogy 73.1 (1992): 51-54.

Hopkins, William G. Introduction to plant physiology. No. Ed. 2. John Wiley and Sons, 1999.

Kilham, Lawrence. "Warblers, hummingbird, and sapsucker feeding on sap of yellow birch." The Wilson Bulletin 65.3 (1953): 198-198.

Kitching, Hugo, and Douglas C. Tozer. "Observations of American Marten (Martes americana) feeding at sap wells of Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers (Sphyrapicus varius)." Northeastern Naturalist 17.2 (2010): 333-336.

Sandro, Bertolino. "Introduction of the American grey squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) in Europe: a case study in biological invasion." Current Science 95.7 (2008): 903-906.

Wright, A. A., and A. H. Wright. "Sap Drinking by Sapsuckers and Hummingbirds." The Auk 35.1 (1918): 79-80.

Davidd - Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker (2016)